Chinese evergreen(Aglaonema) is another common houseplant admired for its resilience even in tough conditions. It is native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and belongs to the family Araceae.
Chinese evergreen plant has beautiful oval-shaped foliage making it a preferred choice in interior decoration. Another important thing that makes it a lovable houseplant it can adjust to a wide range of growing conditions, from low light levels to drought, and from a hot atmosphere to humid. It is also naturally resistant to diseases and pests.
|Up to 3 feet
|Up to 2 feet
|Maximum 20 cm long and
8 cm width
|Green with a mix of silver gray
|Blooms in the spring and summer
of white colors.
Chinese Evergreen Varieties
Chinese Evergreen plants, scientifically known as Aglaonema, have a wide range of varieties with varying leaf shapes, sizes, and patterns.
Some of the popular Chinese Evergreen varieties include:
- Aglaonema-Silver Bay: A common variety with silvery-green leaves that have dark green edges.
- Aglaonema-Maria: A variety with dark green leaves with silver markings.
- Aglaonema-Emerald Beauty: A variety with dark green leaves and silver markings that resemble veins.
- Aglaonema-Red Siam: A variety with dark green leaves and red or pink veins.
- Aglaonema-Crete: A variety with dark green leaves and spread out and irregular silver markings.
- Aglaonema-Golden Bay: A variety with bright green leaves and yellow markings.
- Aglaonema-White Calcite: A variety of white and green variegated leaves with a subtle pink hue.
- Aglaonema-Harlequin: A variety with dark green leaves and irregular silver markings that resemble splashes.
There are many more Chinese Evergreen varieties available, each with its unique characteristics. Therefore, it’s essential to choose a variety that suits your needs and preferences.
Chinese Evergreen Sizes and Characteristics
- Most of the indoor Chinese evergreen varieties lie within the height of 60 to 90 cm in height and 60cm in width.
- The leaf of Chinese evergreen plants is generally 15 to 20cm long and 3 to 8 cm in width. The color of the leaves varies with the varieties. It may be dark or light green with shades of a white, yellow, pink, or red mix of two or all.
- It blooms during summer and winter with white flowers.
- It contains calcium oxalate crystals like Peace lily and causes irritation when chewed. It may create problems if ingested fully. So, keep them away from your pets and children.
Chinese Evergreen Benefits
- Easy to maintain and care for and does not require any special attention.
- Chinese evergreen contains too many nice-looking leaves which look beautiful indoors.
- Available with so many varieties.
- According to NASA’s clean air study, it’s a great air purifier. It absorbs toxic particles like benzene and formaldehyde.
- According to feng shui, it brings fortune and financial stability.
Chinese Evergreen Care
Let’s discuss some caring tips for this low-maintenance plant.
Chinese evergreen prefers bright indirect light. Do not expose it to direct sunlight. You can place it on the balcony or near the windows where it can get brighter light. Morning sunlight is all right but keep it safe from the direct harsh lights during noon and afternoons.
Water it when the inner soil is dry, and never let the soil completely dry, to ensure the soil must be a little moist. Remember overwatering can cause root rot. Balance watering according to seasonal changes.
Well-drained soil is a must require for this plant. Select sandy soil or soil that preserves less water. Ensure the pot has enough pores to drain out the excess water from the soil.
Temperature & Humidity
You can define it as an all-weather plant. Chinese evergreen can withstand various atmospheric conditions except for freezing weather. A temperature below 18°C is avoidable. Do not place it outside during winter, especially at night. Also, keep it away from AC vents.
Chinese evergreen prefers hot and humid conditions like other tropical and sub-tropical plants. It is better if you use a humidifier to increase the humidity levels or you have to mist the plants every couple of hours. Placing a bowl or plate of water can also work.
Use a diluted liquid house plant fertilizer twice a year only. One must during the beginning of the growing season.
Chinese evergreen plants grow relatively slowly and hence do not require frequent pruning. However, from time to time you should trim damaged leaves or stems using clean pruning scissors. Do not do a lot of trimming once, this may hamper the growth of the plant.
Pot Size & Repotting
You can select any kind of pot like ceramic, clay, metal, or plastic for Chinese evergreen, and the ideal size should be 35cm in height and 30 cm in width at maximum.
It does not require frequent repotting. You can transfer it to a new pot in every 2 to 3 years.
Propagating Chinese Evergreen Plant
- Choose a healthy stem with several leaves. Cut just below a node(where the leaf meets the stem) using clean, sharp scissors. The stem should be 4-6 inches long.
- Remove the bottom leaves from the stem, leaving 2-3 leaves at the top.
- If desired, dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone powder.
- Plant the stem in a pot filled with a well-draining potting mix. Water the soil lightly and place the pot in a bright, indirect light location.
- To create a humid environment, cover the pot with a clear plastic container or a plastic bag. This will help the cutting retain moisture and promote root growth.
- Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged, and avoid exposing the cutting to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.
- After 4-6 weeks, check for root growth by gently tugging on the stem. If it resists, roots have formed, and the plant has successfully rooted. At this point, you can remove the plastic cover and begin to care for the new plant as you would a mature Chinese Evergreen.
What is the Chinese Evergreen Pink variety?
Aglaonema-Red Siam is a variety with dark green leaves and red or pink veins. This variety of Chinese evergreen foliage looks pinkish. Many people prefer this variety of Chinese evergreens as it adds a unique decorative feature to the space other than the regular green plants.
What is the growth rate of Chinese Evergreen?
Chinese evergreen is naturally a slow-growing plant. A mature Aglaonema plant can reach up to a maximum of 3 feet in height. It can grow 1 foot in a year.
Is Chinese evergreen affected by pests?
Chinese evergreen can be affected by numerous pests like Spider mites, Mealybugs, Thrips, Scale insects, etc. You can simply use Neem oil to prevent this.
Chinese evergreen is widely considered a very good houseplant due to its adaptable nature to any condition. It is an easy-to-care plant and if you are new to indoor plants then this is a plant you can begin with.
However, I have provided you with a detailed guide about Chinese evergreen, which you can follow to grow a healthy one.
Are you interested to add Chinese evergreen to your indoors?
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